Common Knee Injuries

by Administrator 27. March 2017 09:58

Knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. It supports body’s weight and facilitates its movement. Its importance and intricate structure makes it vulnerable to injuries. Most of the knee damages can be efficaciously treated with conventional measures, such as bracing, medication and rehabilitation exercises but, in case of a severe injury, a surgery may be required.

Common Knee Injuries –

  • Fractures – Kneecap or patella covers the knee joint and protects it during an accident or a traumatic injury, such as fall from a height, motor vehicle collision etc. Therefore, it is the most commonly fractured structure. The ends of femur and tibia that join to form a joint may also crack under certain circumstances.
  • Dislocations – A dislocation refers to a condition in which the bones of the knee joint move from their original position. This may lead to misalignment of the bones. The condition may occur due to inherited abnormality in knee’s structure or during a high energy trauma, such as a sudden fall, motor vehicle crash or playing sports.
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries – ACL is a tissue that helps to stabilize the knee by joining upper and lower leg’s bones.  An injury to anterior cruciate ligament usually occurs when the leg is either too much flexed in the forward direction or twisted. This injury is generally accompanied by damage to other structures, such as meniscus and other ligaments.
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries - This type of damage usually occurs when the knee is bent and a sudden force is applied to it from the front. This may happen while playing high-impact sports or during vehicle collisions. It is a partial injury that can heal by taking proper precautions and rest.
  • Collateral Ligament Injuries - When a force pushes knee sideways, it may lead to an injury in the collateral ligament. It is a frequently witnessed sports injury and may not require surgery if the ligament has only been torn out.
    Meniscal Tears - If a person suddenly changes its direction while running, jumping, pivoting or being tackled in contact sport, the meniscus may tear off. The condition may also occur due to growing age or Arthritis.
  • Tendon Tears - Patellar tendon assists the knee in straightening the leg. The disorder is common among middle aged people and sportspersons who do excessive running or jumping. A complete tear requires a surgical treatment, while a partial one may be treated by conservative methods.

If you are looking for sports injury treatment in Allen, TX consult, Dr. Morgan. He is a board certified orthopedic surgeon with an extensive experience in conducting hip and knee replacement surgeries. To book an appointment, call at (972) 727 - 9995 or visit, 1125 Raintree Circle Suites 100/100A, Allen, TX 75013.

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Elbow Dislocation Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

by Administrator 20. November 2013 13:19

Elbow dislocation is a painful condition that occurs when the joint surfaces of the elbow are forced out of the normal alignment. Basically, the elbow of an adult consists of three main bones called radius, ulna and humerus. Misalignment in the joints of these three bones lead to dislocated elbow.

Elbow dislocation is mainly classified into three types:

  • Complete elbow dislocation
  • Partial elbow dislocation (subluxation)
  • Nursemaid’s elbow

A nursemaid’s elbow is common among toddlers and young children.

Causes:

  • According to sports surgeons in Allen, elbow dislocation is commonly associated with Sports like gymnastics, cycling, rollerblading, roller-blading, skateboarding etc.
  • Falling over a great height can cause elbow dislocation.
  • Overstretching of the hand can also result in dislocated elbow.
  • Auto accidents or other high impact accidents can also lead to elbow dislocation.
  • Improper lifting of heavy object can also cause the elbow joints to dislocate.
  • A sudden and forceful pull can pop the upper arm bone out of alignment resulting in elbow dislocation.

Symptoms:
You must consult an orthopedic doctor if any of the symptoms mentioned below are noticed:

  • Severe pain in the elbow
  • Swelling and bruising in the arm
  • Tenderness around the joint
  • Numbness and tingling sensation in the upper arm
  • Inability to move arm
  • Inability to lift an object
  • Inability to palpate the pulse in wrist

Treatment:
The treatment for dislocated elbow depends on the severity of the condition.

  • Non-surgical Treatment: First of all, ice is applied to the affected area to reduce the pain and swelling. Next, the doctors follow a procedure called reduction, during which they lever the elbow back into its position. Generally, anti-inflammatory drugs are given prior this procedure. The doctors may also recommend wearing a splint in order to provide support to the elbow.
  • Surgical Treatment: The type of surgery depends on the degree of damage. In severe cases, reconstructive surgery may be performed by the orthopedic surgeon.
  • After Surgery: Surgical treatment is followed by physical therapy. Your physical therapist may recommend soft tissue massage and range of motion and strengthening exercises to improve the mobility of the joint. External hinge may also be used by the doctor to protect the elbow until healing occurs.

Prevention:

  • Use protective gear during sports or recreational activities
  • Wear seat belt while traveling in a vehicle
  • Lift the heavy objects using both hands
  • Stretch before and after performing any physical exercise
  • Eat nutritious diet to keep bones strong

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