Orthopedic Treatment For Knee Ligament Injuries

by Administrator 21. November 2014 04:27

Knee is one of the most complex joints of the human body and us responsible to bear a major part of the total body weight. It also plays a significant role in performing various activities like walking, running and jumping. Hence, there are many structures in the knee which act as stabilizers against any unusual movement that can potentially harm the joint. These structures are known as knee ligaments and can be categorized as:

  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL): It helps to protect the knee against any force or blow that may damage the outer part of the knee.
  • Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL): This ligament helps to protect the joint against any blow that may be directed at the inner part of the knee. 
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL): This is another important ligament that helps to stabilize the knee joint by controlling its forward and backward movements.
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL): It keeps the leg bone in place so that it does not slide over the thigh bone and cause the knee to collapse.

Causes

  • Rapid change in the direction while playing sports or running
  • Extending the knee beyond its normal capacity
  • Direct or indirect blow to the knee, such as while playing contact sports
  • Impulsive shift of body weight from one knee to another
  • Stopping abruptly while running
  • Jumping or landing with hyper-extended knee

Symptoms

  • Pain in the knee, which is often severe and sudden
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Popping or snapping sensation while moving the knee
  • A feeling that the knee may give out
  • Feeling of looseness in the knee
  • Pain while putting weight on the knee
  • Not being able to move the knee normally
  • Discoloration around the knee

Treatment

The orthopedic doctor may recommend the following treatment options for knee ligament injuries:

  • RICE approach: This includes giving ample rest to the joint, applying ice to reduce swelling, compressing it with an elastic bandage and keeping it elevated while sitting or lying down.
  • Braces: Wearing knee braces can also help to stabilize the knee and protect it from further injury.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications: The orthopedic doctor may prescribe certain over the counter non-steroidal medicines to relieve the patient from pain and distress.
  • Exercises: Doing strengthening and stretching exercises as prescribed by the doctor may also help in treating the injury.

For comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of knee ligament injuries in Allen, TX, visit Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the knee doctor, call at (972) 727-9995.

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