Knee Pain: Orthopedic Treatment In McKinney

by Administrator 25. October 2016 08:12

Knee joint comprises of three bones namely: femur (upper leg bone), tibia (lower leg bone) and patella (kneecap). Any injury to these bones and muscles, tendons as well as ligaments the knee joint can cause pain and discomfort. Depending on the severity of the condition, knee pain can be classified into:

  • Acute knee pain: When there is short term or immediate knee pain
  • Chronic knee pain: The pain does not subside easily and continues for a longer time.

Causes

  • Sports injuries such as ACL, MCL or PCL injury, fractures, sprains, strains, Bursitis etc.  
  • Medical conditions such as Arthritis, Torn Meniscus, Osteoporosis etc. 
  • Kneecap dislocation
  • Repetitive use of knee joint
  • Previous medical history
  • Falls or accidents
  • Direct blow to the knee
  • Risk factors
  • Obesity
  • Sports activities
  • Aging
  • Weak knee muscles

Symptoms

  • Difficulty in walking
  • Locking of the knee
  • Redness and swelling in knee
  • Weakness
  • Tenderness and stiffness in the knee joint
  • Popping sensation in the knee
  • Inability to bear weight
  • Any kind of knee deformity

Diagnosis

During the physical examination, the doctor may check various symptoms of knee pain. He may ask about the medical history. Imaging tests such as X-rays, Ultra sound, MRI and CT scan may be conducted to determine the extent of damage.

Treatment

Non-surgical treatment

  • Medications: The orthopedic doctor may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to relieve swelling. Cortisone injections may be recommended in case of severe pain.   
  • Physical therapy: Specific exercises may be suggested by the doctor to help the patients recover faster. They may also help to improve joint flexibility and strength.   
  • Rest: The doctor may suggest providing adequate rest to the injured knee. The activities such as running, jumping, swimming etc. that strain the knee joint should be avoided. 
  • Heat treatment and ice: Heat therapy may help to relieve pain and swelling. Ice packs may also be applied at frequent intervals to reduce discomfort. 
  • Immobilization: Wearing a brace or cast may help to provide support and immobilize the knee joint.  
  • Elevation: The leg must be kept elevated above the level of heart to improve circulation. This may promote healing.   

Surgical treatment

  • Knee replacement surgery: In this procedure, the surgeon replaces the damaged tissues in the knee with the artificial implants. According to the severity of the condition, the surgeon may perform partial or complete knee replacement surgery.
  • Arthroscopic surgery: Small incisions are made in the knee joint. The surgeon inserts a small camera or an arthroscope to remove damaged tissues from the knee joint.

For effective treatment of knee pain, visit Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in McKinney, TX, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995

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Risk Factors For Rotator Cuff Injury

by Administrator 26. October 2015 10:37

The rotator cuff consists of various muscles and tendons that cover the shoulder joint capsule. It holds the upper arm bone firmly within the socket of the shoulder. Abrupt stress or repetitive shoulder movements can cause the rotator cuff to tear. The injury can also be a result of lifting heavy weights, motor vehicle accidents, age related bone degeneration, falling on the shoulder etc. The condition can vary in severity from minor inflammation to complete tearing of the rotator cuff.

Here are some risk factors that may make an individual susceptible to a rotator cuff injury:

  • Age: With increasing age, the bones undergo gradual wear and tear, making them weak and susceptible to break. Rotator cuff injuries are most commonly seen in people above the age of 40 years due to inability of the bones to bear any forceful impact
  • Sports Related Activities: Athletes who repeatedly perform overhead movements are often at a higher risk of suffering a rotator cuff injury. These may include sports activities such as tennis, archery, baseball, weight lifting etc.
  • Certain Professions: people in certain occupations also require lifting the arm repetitively such as carpentry, painting, hammering and other construction jobs, which make them prone to rotator cuff injury. Such movement stretches the muscles and stresses the rotator cuff, thus leading to injury.
  • Shoulder Arthritis: People with Shoulder Arthritis are more prone to suffer rotator cuff injury because of symptoms such as muscle weakness, shoulder instability, and formation of cysts. These exert pressure on the rotator cuff and increase the chances of an injury.
  • Genetic Factors: People having a family member with a rotator cuff injury are more likely to suffer the condition themselves. 
  • Previous Injuries: Damage to shoulder structures or prolonged immobilization can weaken the muscles of the joint, thus making them vulnerable to injuries.
  • Intense Training: Young people may suffer from the injury if they are involved in intense physical training and continuous sports activities.

If not treated on time, Rotator Cuff injury may lead to permanent weakness and stiffness, which can further restricts the movement of the shoulder joint. The patient must provide sufficient rest to the shoulder to promote healing. In severe cases, the injury may require surgical treatment.

For complete diagnosis and treatment of Rotator Cuff injury, visit Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in McKinney, TX, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995 or visit 7300 Eldorado Parkway, Suites 165/165A, McKinney, TX 75070.

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Risk Factors For Knee Pain

by Administrator 16. September 2015 10:55

Knee Joint is made up of three bones: the lower end of the thigh bone (femur), upper end of shinbone (tibia) and the kneecap (patella). Various ligaments connect these bones together and provide mobility as well as stability to the knee. Being the largest joint in our body, it bears the entire body weight, helps us in walking, running and almost all activities of daily life.

Risk factors for knee pain are listed below:

  • Excessive weight: Excessive weight puts immense pressure on the knee joint during simple activities like walking or climbing stairs etc. It also increases the chances of developing in Osteoarthritis which gradually hampers the joint cartilage, hence making the knee weak and painful.
  • Nature of use: Repetitive motions and certain sports put more stress on the knee, ultimately leading to pain. Cycling, athletics and basketball are some of the sports where continuous pounding on the knee can cause pain.
  • Biomechanical conditions: Structural abnormalities in the body, like one leg shorter than the other, changed walk due to back pain or Flat Feet can also increase the risk of developing the condition. Since knee is a complex joint and bears the entire body weight, even slight changes in its functioning can cause pain.
  • Previous injury: If the knee has withstood an injury in the past, it is more likely to retract to pain. If it was not fully healed earlier or treatment had not been complete, the knee may remain weak and fragile, making it susceptible to injury or damage.
  • Lack of strength in muscles and bones: If an individual has weak muscles, the knee joint will be more exerted during movements. People who lead a sedentary lifestyle and do not put the joints to adequate use also lose muscle strength.
  • Smoking: It obstructs the supply of the required nutrition to the body tissues, thus making smokers susceptible to joint pain.

If knee pain is not timely diagnosed and treated, it may worsen and cause extreme discomfort. One must visit an orthopedic doctor if symptoms last long or there has been an injury to the knee.  Taking rest and refraining from strenuous activities may provide short term relief from pain. However, a qualified orthopedic surgeon must be consulted to determine the exact cause of pain.

For more information, consult Dr. Morgan in McKinney, TX. In order to schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995.

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Tips To Prevent ACL Injury

by Administrator 15. July 2015 10:18

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury is a common sports injury that involves damage to the front cruciate ligaments running in the middle of the knee. Athletes, mostly women, who participate in sports such as rugby, netball, basketball, soccer, martial arts, skiing, etc., are susceptible to the injury. It is essential to follow certain precautions and safety measures to minimize the risks of injuring the ACL.

Here are some ACL injury prevention tips:

  • Warm Up: Before you start working out or perform any physical activity you must make sure that you warm up properly. This will improve the blood circulation to your muscles and joints. You should do some stretching exercises, which will warm up your muscles and increase the flexibility.
  • Increase Hamstrings and Lower Leg Strength: To avoid ACL injury, focus on strengthening your hamstrings and lower legs. Practice exercises that help you balance and avoid injuries while landing and jumping. To provide support to your knees, you should do strengthening exercises such as lunges, squats etc. regularly.
  • Plyometric Exercises: Assisting in building strength, power and speed, plyometric exercise are beneficial in preventing ACL injury. However, you must ensure that you softly land from a jump to avoid putting pressure on the knees.
  • Agility Drills: If you are into sports such as football, soccer or basketball, you are more prone to suffer from an Anterior Cruciate Ligament injury. You should make sure that you work on sport specific mobility drills. Focus on decelerating movements and landing after jumping to prevent an ACL injury. While performing the drills, keep your kneecap in line with your second toe to build up proper form.
  • Take Proper Rest: It is crucial that you take proper rest and have adequate sleep to remain healthy and avoid injuries. Avoid continuing with your sport if you are having pain or discomfort and take professional medical advice.
  • Knee Brace: Wearing a knee brace will offer you protection during high-risk activities.
  • Participate in ACL Conditioning Program: The ACL prevention-training plan emphasizes on warm up, strengthening, stretching, plyometric, agility drills and cooling down.

However, if you are suffering from knee pain you should consult an orthopedic doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Morgan provides comprehensive treatment for ACL injuries in Allen, TX. In order to schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995.

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Orthopedic Treatment For Medial Collateral Ligament Injury

by Administrator 20. March 2015 06:39

The Medial Collateral Ligament is a thick band of tissue on the inside of the knee joint, which connects the tibia and the femur bones. An injury to MCL is quite common especially among athletes who regularly practice running and other strenuous activities. Any blow to the outside of the knee, sudden change in direction, and twisting of knee can lead to Medial Collateral Ligament injury.

Causes

  • A blow to the outside of the knee
  • Overuse of the joint
  • Sudden twisting of the knee
  • Slipping on the floor
  • Trauma due to accident
  • Turning of knee sharply
  • Sports activities such as skiing, soccer, etc
  • Loosening of ligaments
  • Difference in pelvis and lower extremity alignment

Symptoms

  • Swelling of tissues in the knee
  • Popping sound on injury
  • Bleeding
  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to put weight on the knee
  • Difficulty in moving knee
  • Tenderness
  • Sensation of weakness
  • Instability of knee

Diagnosis

The orthopedic doctor diagnoses the condition based on the physical examination and the description by the patient. Certain imaging tests such as X-ray, MRI, or CT scan help in determining the extent of the knee injury.

Treatment

The Medial Collateral Ligament injury is treated depending on the severity of the injury. The ligaments rarely need to be surgically repaired or reconstructed. Often the damage heals by reducing activity and immobilizing the knee by using cast or braces, as they reduce pain and instability.

Usually the orthopedic doctor recommends the patient to take rest and anti-inflammatory medicines, which help reduce swelling and pain. The patient is also advised to use crutches to avoid putting pressure on the knee.

Physical therapy is also helpful in quick healing MCL. The therapist treats swelling and pain with rest, ice, electric stimulation and keeping the leg elevated. He designs an exercise routine for the patient, which helps him regain strength and improve the range of motion. These exercises include stretching, up and down movement, etc.

However if the symptoms persist, then the patient may require surgery. The orthopedic surgeon makes an incision and re-attaches the torn ligament to the bone with large sutures or staples. If required, the ligament is reconstructed by replacing the loose ligament with a tendon graft. The patient must follow the rehabilitation instructions given by the orthopedic doctor.

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Tips To Prevent Sports Injuries: Orthopedic Surgeon McKinney

by Administrator 22. September 2014 08:46

With an increasing number of adults and children participating in sports activities, the risk of incurring sports related injuries has increased manifold. Contact sports like football, basketball, rugby, ice hockey and other sports like gymnastics, baseball, weightlifting etc have huge potential for ankle and knee sprains, soft tissue injuries, shoulder dislocations, spine injuries and other related injuries. However, by following a few simple precautions, you can spend more time participating in sports activities rather than dealing with your sport injuries.  

  • Proper physical condition: Every sport activity has a risk of injury; therefore assuming that participating in the sport itself can get you in shape is a huge mistake. Unless you properly condition and prepare your body with regular exercising, you still are at a great risk of developing one or other form of sports injury. To avoid it, you should follow the exercise regimen designed specifically for your sport.
  • Know the rules: Contact sports like football, hockey, rugby, basketball and others have rules designed for them in order to keep things safe for those participating in sports. There are certain rules of conduct, illegal blocks and tackles that are forbidden to keep players in good shape and reducing any chance of injury.
  • Wear protective gear: Protective gears like helmets, mouth pads, gloves, mouth guards and protective pads are necessary to keep teeth, knees, head, eyes and hands safe from any potential injury. Playing without safety gear can be a huge mistake and should be avoided at all costs.
  • Take adequate rest: Athletes who follow rigorous training routines are more prone to injure their bones due to overuse of certain body parts which can make them weak due to fatigue. As a result, the body parts are unable to handle the pressure enforced on them while playing sports and this, results in injuries. Rest is critical to strengthen the bones and prevent injuries.
  • Warm up: Before you participate in sports or begin training, always warm up as warm muscles are less prone to injuries. These warm ups exercises should be suited to your sports and you should start your sport slowly and gradually.
  • Cool down: The exact opposite of warm up, a few minutes cooling down of your body once you finish training or other physical activity helps in bringing your heart rate and blood pressure to normal levels which helps in limiting any soreness in the body.
  • Stretching: If your body has poor flexibility it can result in muscle and tendon strains. Stretching your body keeps your body flexible and helps in preventing injuries.

Athletes and children undoubtedly have pressure on them to perform which can cause emotional stress but they should not neglect warning signs from their body if they are hurt or feel weak to participate in sports activities. Though these tips can be helpful in preventing sports injuries, athletes should be honest about their bodily condition with their coach.

If you have suffered any sports injury, visit Dr. Morgan in McKinney TX. The doctor is specialized in treating sports injuries and providing comprehensive care to those dealing with them. To schedule an appointment, call at (972) 727-9995.

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Tips To Prevent Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

by Administrator 21. July 2014 10:38

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a painful condition that is often caused due to compression of the median nerve in the wrist that runs from the palm to the arm. This problem affects a number of people who repeatedly use their wrist. The symptoms appear gradually, beginning with a slight pain in the hand that aggravates eventually. The patient loses strength in severe conditions and it becomes difficult for him to even do everyday tasks such as picking up things, doing household tasks, etc. The condition can be treated by an orthopedic surgeon but it is better to prevent it.

Here are some tips that help you reduce the chances of developing CTS.

  • Rest your wrists and hands: If your job involves repetitive use of the hands and wrists such as typing on the keyboard, then it is crucial that you take frequent breaks. Even a short break is effective in reducing the strain on the median nerve in the wrist.
  • Exercise your hands: While you take a break, you should stretch and exercise your hands to avoid any discomfort and problems that cause Carpel Tunnel Syndrome. Some exercises include holding the second and the third fingers up and closing the others, draw some clockwise and anticlockwise circles with two fingertips with both hands. You should use both hands while typing and avoid typing with one hand.
  • Invest in ergonomics keyboard: To support your hands and wrists, always buy an ergonomic keyboard, as it will prevent wrist strain. By placing your hands and wrists in comfortable and natural position, you can prevent CTS. You can also use wrist rests for pain management. Avoid pressing down excessively and holding the mouse lightly.
  • Sit in the right posture: While typing, you should always maintain good posture. Sit straight, relax your shoulders and place your arms on the sides. Keep the keyboard at the right length so that your forearms are at the same level as your hands. Keep your head and neck upright, keep your feet on the floor and repeatedly roll the shoulders to avoid any stiffness and stress in the upper back.
  • Maintain right temperature: It is important that you keep your hands warm while working. There is more risk of developing Carpel Tunnel Syndrome if you work in cold temperature and you can use gloves if required.

By using these preventive measures, you can prevent Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and also reduce the pain of repetitive motion.

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Orthopedic Treatment For Rotator Cuff Injury

by Administrator 15. May 2014 06:29

The rotator cuff is one of the most important areas of the body, giving the shoulder great mobility, range of motion and strength.  The rotator cuff area consists of a large number of muscles and tendons, and damage to these as a result of the injury can be a seriously debilitating condition.  There are a number of different circumstances which can give rise to rotator cuff injury, which can range from damage due to impact, accidents and falls, abnormal stretching or distending of the shoulder joint and many more. There can be significant loss of mobility and excruciating pain and the condition needs to be treated as urgently as possible.

Causes

Rotator cuff injuries commonly occur when your shoulder faces impact while it is stretched or distended. Activities which involve the overhead use of the arm, including swimming, heavy lifting and playing sports may be situations where this is likely to happen. Also, since the rotator cuff is a complicated area with muscles and tendons, wear and tear due to age and overuse might also render it susceptible to injury. Accidents, falls from a height on the shoulder and bumps can also cause serious rotator cuff injury.

Symptoms

The usual symptoms that are found with rotator cuff injury are –

  • A nagging pain in the shoulder which intensifies when the affected shoulder is used.
  • Decreased mobility and range of motion on the affected shoulder.
  • A gradual lessening of strength and mobility in the affected arm.

Treatment

The first step is to properly diagnose the exact nature and extent of the injury and identify the affected areas. This is usually done with a physical examination, coupled with diagnostic tests like x-rays. Once the problem is clear to the orthopedic doctor, several different avenues of treatment can be pursued accordingly.

Non-surgical modes of treatment include rest and complete or partial immobilization of the affected area to aid natural healing. Added treatments can include the application of ice packs, the application of heat, physical therapy, occasional use of anti-inflammatory drugs and localized steroid injections.

For those patients who have significant amounts of pain and mobility issues with rotator cuff injury, surgical methods are a last resort. The surgery is usually an outpatient procedure, and followed by a few weeks of rehabilitation and pain management measures. The orthopedic surgeon might prescribe medication and appropriate rehabilitation time to recover from the surgery.

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Allen Orthopedic Treatment For Torn ACL

by Administrator 21. April 2014 10:12

ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament provides stability to the knee. Any damage to this ligament can be a source of knee problems. In fact, a majority of the knee problems are attributed to torn Anterior Cruciate Ligaments. Therefore, it is important to understand the role played by ACL in stabilizing the knee and how injuries can be appropriately diagnosed and treated.

The ACL is known to provide stability to the knee during rotation. It also helps in keeping the thigh bone from sliding backwards during movement. Overstretching of ACL can result in a tear and is accompanied by severe pain and other symptoms.

Typically, an orthopedic sports surgeon in Allen would associate a torn ACL with the following symptoms.

  • Pain in the knees; it could range from being moderate to highly severe.
  • Restricted range of motion of the knees.
  • Swelling in the knees.
  • A popping sound at the time of impact, when the injury actually happened.
  • Experts at Allen TX also tell that a torn ACL could result in massive cartilage damage in athletes and sportspersons who are involved in rigorous physical activity on a regular basis.
  • A tear in the anterior cruciate ligament also leads to an increase in the risk of unexpected falls; this is attributed to the weakening of the knee tissues.

The main reason for torn ACL in athletes is the sudden decelerating motion. When an athlete suddenly changes direction while running or lowers down his speed, pressure is exerted on the knees. Even in events such as long jump, an athlete could twist his or her knee while landing. This could be another possible reason for a torn ACL. ACL injuries are more common in females as compared to males. This is chiefly attributed to differences in anatomy and muscular strength of the two genders.

If any of the above mentioned symptoms is observed, it is important to get in touch with an orthopedic sports surgeon at the earliest. Any delay in treatment can prove to be damaging. Treatment of a torn ACL will vary from person to person depending upon the extent of injury and the nature of physical activity he or she is involved in.

For normal patients, physical therapy will suffice. But for athletes and sportspersons who are involved in regular physical activity, reconstructive surgery of the knee is the only way out. Once the surgery is conducted, the patient will go through a rehabilitation period that is divided into a series of phases. Even after the torn ligament has healed, it is important to restore muscle strength and only then get back to full range of physical activity.

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