Orthopedic Treatment For Knee Ligament Injuries

by Administrator 21. November 2014 04:27

Knee is one of the most complex joints of the human body and us responsible to bear a major part of the total body weight. It also plays a significant role in performing various activities like walking, running and jumping. Hence, there are many structures in the knee which act as stabilizers against any unusual movement that can potentially harm the joint. These structures are known as knee ligaments and can be categorized as:

  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL): It helps to protect the knee against any force or blow that may damage the outer part of the knee.
  • Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL): This ligament helps to protect the joint against any blow that may be directed at the inner part of the knee. 
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL): This is another important ligament that helps to stabilize the knee joint by controlling its forward and backward movements.
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL): It keeps the leg bone in place so that it does not slide over the thigh bone and cause the knee to collapse.

Causes

  • Rapid change in the direction while playing sports or running
  • Extending the knee beyond its normal capacity
  • Direct or indirect blow to the knee, such as while playing contact sports
  • Impulsive shift of body weight from one knee to another
  • Stopping abruptly while running
  • Jumping or landing with hyper-extended knee

Symptoms

  • Pain in the knee, which is often severe and sudden
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Popping or snapping sensation while moving the knee
  • A feeling that the knee may give out
  • Feeling of looseness in the knee
  • Pain while putting weight on the knee
  • Not being able to move the knee normally
  • Discoloration around the knee

Treatment

The orthopedic doctor may recommend the following treatment options for knee ligament injuries:

  • RICE approach: This includes giving ample rest to the joint, applying ice to reduce swelling, compressing it with an elastic bandage and keeping it elevated while sitting or lying down.
  • Braces: Wearing knee braces can also help to stabilize the knee and protect it from further injury.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications: The orthopedic doctor may prescribe certain over the counter non-steroidal medicines to relieve the patient from pain and distress.
  • Exercises: Doing strengthening and stretching exercises as prescribed by the doctor may also help in treating the injury.

For comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of knee ligament injuries in Allen, TX, visit Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the knee doctor, call at (972) 727-9995.

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Allen Orthopedic Treatment For Torn ACL

by Administrator 21. April 2014 10:12

ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament provides stability to the knee. Any damage to this ligament can be a source of knee problems. In fact, a majority of the knee problems are attributed to torn Anterior Cruciate Ligaments. Therefore, it is important to understand the role played by ACL in stabilizing the knee and how injuries can be appropriately diagnosed and treated.

The ACL is known to provide stability to the knee during rotation. It also helps in keeping the thigh bone from sliding backwards during movement. Overstretching of ACL can result in a tear and is accompanied by severe pain and other symptoms.

Typically, an orthopedic sports surgeon in Allen would associate a torn ACL with the following symptoms.

  • Pain in the knees; it could range from being moderate to highly severe.
  • Restricted range of motion of the knees.
  • Swelling in the knees.
  • A popping sound at the time of impact, when the injury actually happened.
  • Experts at Allen TX also tell that a torn ACL could result in massive cartilage damage in athletes and sportspersons who are involved in rigorous physical activity on a regular basis.
  • A tear in the anterior cruciate ligament also leads to an increase in the risk of unexpected falls; this is attributed to the weakening of the knee tissues.

The main reason for torn ACL in athletes is the sudden decelerating motion. When an athlete suddenly changes direction while running or lowers down his speed, pressure is exerted on the knees. Even in events such as long jump, an athlete could twist his or her knee while landing. This could be another possible reason for a torn ACL. ACL injuries are more common in females as compared to males. This is chiefly attributed to differences in anatomy and muscular strength of the two genders.

If any of the above mentioned symptoms is observed, it is important to get in touch with an orthopedic sports surgeon at the earliest. Any delay in treatment can prove to be damaging. Treatment of a torn ACL will vary from person to person depending upon the extent of injury and the nature of physical activity he or she is involved in.

For normal patients, physical therapy will suffice. But for athletes and sportspersons who are involved in regular physical activity, reconstructive surgery of the knee is the only way out. Once the surgery is conducted, the patient will go through a rehabilitation period that is divided into a series of phases. Even after the torn ligament has healed, it is important to restore muscle strength and only then get back to full range of physical activity.

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