Common Knee Injuries

by Administrator 27. March 2017 09:58

Knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. It supports body’s weight and facilitates its movement. Its importance and intricate structure makes it vulnerable to injuries. Most of the knee damages can be efficaciously treated with conventional measures, such as bracing, medication and rehabilitation exercises but, in case of a severe injury, a surgery may be required.

Common Knee Injuries –

  • Fractures – Kneecap or patella covers the knee joint and protects it during an accident or a traumatic injury, such as fall from a height, motor vehicle collision etc. Therefore, it is the most commonly fractured structure. The ends of femur and tibia that join to form a joint may also crack under certain circumstances.
  • Dislocations – A dislocation refers to a condition in which the bones of the knee joint move from their original position. This may lead to misalignment of the bones. The condition may occur due to inherited abnormality in knee’s structure or during a high energy trauma, such as a sudden fall, motor vehicle crash or playing sports.
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries – ACL is a tissue that helps to stabilize the knee by joining upper and lower leg’s bones.  An injury to anterior cruciate ligament usually occurs when the leg is either too much flexed in the forward direction or twisted. This injury is generally accompanied by damage to other structures, such as meniscus and other ligaments.
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries - This type of damage usually occurs when the knee is bent and a sudden force is applied to it from the front. This may happen while playing high-impact sports or during vehicle collisions. It is a partial injury that can heal by taking proper precautions and rest.
  • Collateral Ligament Injuries - When a force pushes knee sideways, it may lead to an injury in the collateral ligament. It is a frequently witnessed sports injury and may not require surgery if the ligament has only been torn out.
    Meniscal Tears - If a person suddenly changes its direction while running, jumping, pivoting or being tackled in contact sport, the meniscus may tear off. The condition may also occur due to growing age or Arthritis.
  • Tendon Tears - Patellar tendon assists the knee in straightening the leg. The disorder is common among middle aged people and sportspersons who do excessive running or jumping. A complete tear requires a surgical treatment, while a partial one may be treated by conservative methods.

If you are looking for sports injury treatment in Allen, TX consult, Dr. Morgan. He is a board certified orthopedic surgeon with an extensive experience in conducting hip and knee replacement surgeries. To book an appointment, call at (972) 727 - 9995 or visit, 1125 Raintree Circle Suites 100/100A, Allen, TX 75013.

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Torn ACL Risk Factors: Orthopedic Allen

by Administrator 23. November 2015 08:31

ACL is a crucial ligament located in the middle of the knee that restricts the forward movement of the femur and the tibia bones. Torn ACL is a common problem among sports persons who participate in football or basketball. The injury needs immediate medical attention and should be treated according to the cause and severity. Both intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors can lead to ACL tear.

Intrinsic Risk Factors

  • Age:  ACL tear is common among people between the age of 15 and 45 years. It usually occurs in people who participate in sports or lead a physically active lifestyle.
  • Gender: Female athletes are often at higher risk of injuring their ACL during certain sports such as basketball, soccer etc. This difference is evident due to different muscle activation and movement patterns, smaller ACL and dissimilar bone knee geometry. The female sex hormones are also considered to affect the metabolism and biomechanical properties of the ACL.
  • Genetic factors: People who have a history of Torn ACL in the immediate family are more susceptible to suffering the injury.
  • Previous ACL injuries: Athletes who have history of ACL tears have a higher risk of new injuries. The players who have recently suffered from an ACL tear should remain cautious at least for a year. The location, type of injury and extent of ligament tear are crucial factors that determining the severity of the tear.

Extrinsic Risk Factors

  • Direct blow to the outside of the knee: The risk for Torn ACL increases if you suffer a direct blow to the knee when it is hyper-extended or bent inwards. This type of injury may accompany various other knee injuries such as medial collateral ligament tear, medial meniscus tear or cartilage injuries.
  • Pivoting, cutting and landing on one leg: Most cases of Torn ACL occur due to non-contact injuries that involve sudden pivoting, cutting or landing on single leg. These injuries are more frequent in sports such as soccer, basketball, volleyball, skiing, tennis etc.
  • Condition of playing surface and footwear: The shoe-surface interaction is a considerable risk factor in Torn ACL. Wearing worn out shoes and playing on a hard surface exposes you to greater risk of ACL injuries.

Dr. Morgan provides complete diagnosis and treatment for Torn ACL. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in Allen, TX, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995 or visit 1105 North Central Expressway Suite 120, Allen, Texas 75013.

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Torn ACL: Orthopedic Treatment In Allen, TX

by Administrator 16. April 2015 12:18

Torn ACL is a relatively common sports injury that affects the knee. The ACL is an important structure that helps to maintain the stability of the knee joint. The ACL also prevents the shinbone from gliding headlong under the thighbone. The condition is a second or third degree sprain in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). With a torn ACL, the knee is more likely to clasp when the foot is planted the individual turns the leg.

Causes

  • Sudden changes in direction
  • Incorrect landing from a jump
  • Stopping abruptly
  • Slowing down while running
  • Twisting the knee
  • Extending the knee beyond its normal range of motion
  • Direct blow to the knee, such as while playing contact sports

Symptoms

  • Popping sound at the time of injury
  • Intense pain
  • Swelling and tenderness around the affected area
  • Feeling of instability
  • Feeling that the knee may give out
  • Discomfort while walking
  • Decreased range of motion

Diagnosis

To diagnose a torn ACL, the orthopedic surgeon may physically examine the knee to look for swelling or inflammation. He may also ask you to move the knee in certain ways to determine if the ACL is injured. You may also be recommended to undergo imaging tests to rule out the possibility of any other condition and to assess the severity of the tear.

Treatment

Torn ACL usually requires surgical treatment to restore the original functionality. However, for people who are elderly and have low level of physical activity, the orthopedic surgeon may recommend non-surgical treatment.

Non-Surgical Treatment

  • Braces: The patient may be asked to wear a knee brace to provide support and stability to the knee while doing any physical activity. Crutches may also be used while walking to avoid putting weight on the affected knee.
  • Physical Therapy: Once the swelling has subsided, physical therapy may help to strengthen the leg muscles and restore the normal functioning of the joint. Certain muscle strengthening, stability and range of motion exercises may be included in the rehabilitation program to promote recovery from the injury.

Surgical Treatment

The torn ACL needs to be surgically reconstructed for patients who have higher fitness goals. During the procedure, the orthopedic surgeon may replace the affected ligament with a tissue graft from the other knee.

For comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of torn ACL, consult Dr. Morgan in Allen, TX. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995.

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

by Administrator 17. December 2013 14:00

An anterior Cruciate Ligament injury, also known as ACL injury is painful medical condition which occurs when the ligament joining the upper leg bone and lower leg bone gets torn off. Ordinarily, this injury is caused when the ACL gets stretched due to a sudden sharp, forcible twist.

Read on to know more about ACL injuries:

Causes:

  • Intense Impacts or Collisions: An ACL injury may be caused when the knee gets twisted in an unusual direction due to a sudden impact. Sometimes, a simple stumbling can also lead to ACL injuries.
  • A Rapid Change in Direction: A quick turn can put a strain on ligament oftentimes causing it to tear apart.
  • Sudden stopping: Sometimes, stopping suddenly can also lead to ACL injuries. The ligament gets jolted and stressed due to an unexpected halt which can cause it to snap.
  • Contact Sports: The athletes associated with contact sports like hockey, basketball, football etc. are more likely to injure their ACL. According to orthopedic sports surgeon in Allen TX, female athletes are more prone to ACL injuries.
  • Knee problems: It is medically proven that people with certain knee problems have a slightly higher risk of causing ACL injuries. The old people with weak knee ligament can also cause such injuries.
  • Other factors: Sometimes, a wrong landing from a jump or missing a step when walking down the staircase can also lead to ACL injuries.

Symptoms:

  • Early and late symptoms of the ACL injuries include:
  • Popping sound at the time of injury
  • Little tenderness when touched
  • Swelling and bruising around the knee
  • Widespread soreness and pain on the outside or back of the knee
  • Limited movement of the joint of the knee
  • Inability to move and bear weight

Treatment:

  • It is advisable to the consult a sports medicine specialist in Allen, Texas if any of the aforementioned symptoms are noticed.
  • The initial treatment involves resting the knee, applying ice, compression and elevation.
  • The doctors may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce the swelling and pain.
  • They may also suggest wearing a knee brace.
  • A range of stretching, motion and strengthening exercises may also be recommended by the sports doctor.
  • In severe cases, replacement and reconstruction surgery may also be recommended.

Prevention:

  • In order to prevent ACL injuries you must wear shoes that offer protection.
  • You must practice knee stretching and strengthening exercise prior to any physical activity.
  • You may also attend ACL injury awareness programs.

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