Jumper’s Knee: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 27. April 2016 12:51

Jumper’s Knee, also referred to as Patellar Tendinopathy, occurs when the tendon that joins the kneecap (patella) to the shin bone (tibia) gets inflamed. The tendons join the muscles to the bones and helps in stabilizing the leg. The knee joint has two main muscles: quadriceps that lie at the front of the knee and the hamstrings at the back. The patellar tendon extends from the base of the kneecap to the tibia. It is a cord like tissue which may get irritated or damaged due to overuse. 

Causes

  • Sports activities that involve a lot of jumping and twisting may cause Jumper's Knee
  • People with Knock Knees and Bow Legs are at a greater risk of suffering the injury
  • Disparity in limb length
  • Placement of the kneecap higher or lower than the normal positioning
  • Weak supportive muscles such as quadriceps and hamstrings
  • Not warming up before or relaxing after an activity 
  • Performing physical activities on a hard surface
  • Being overweight 

Symptoms

  • Difficulty in straightening the leg 
  • Pain and stiffness  
  • Weakness in the knee and leg
  • Swelling in the lower part of the knee
  • A feeling of warmth or tenderness in the joint

Diagnosis

  • X-ray imaging may help to rule out other associated problems 
  • Physical examination of the knee, legs and thighs 

Treatment

  • Providing adequate rest to the affected area and avoiding jumping, squatting or any other activity that may strain the knee joint
  • Taking prescribed anti-inflammatory medications may help to reduce pain
  • Apply ice packs at regular intervals
  • Orthotics and foot inserts may help in providing support to the knee
  • Wearing infrapatellar strap under the knee to reduce discomfort
  • Keeping the knee elevated above the heart level to compress swelling
  • Rehabilitation exercises may be performed to strengthen the knee joint as well as the supporting muscles
  • Surgery may be required if the tendon is severely damaged. The orthopedic surgeon may remove the damaged parts of the tendon and surrounding tissues to relieve pain

For comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of Jumper’s Knee, visit Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic sports surgeon in Allen, TX, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995.

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