Knee Pain: Orthopedic Treatment In McKinney

by Administrator 25. October 2016 08:12

Knee joint comprises of three bones namely: femur (upper leg bone), tibia (lower leg bone) and patella (kneecap). Any injury to these bones and muscles, tendons as well as ligaments the knee joint can cause pain and discomfort. Depending on the severity of the condition, knee pain can be classified into:

  • Acute knee pain: When there is short term or immediate knee pain
  • Chronic knee pain: The pain does not subside easily and continues for a longer time.

Causes

  • Sports injuries such as ACL, MCL or PCL injury, fractures, sprains, strains, Bursitis etc.  
  • Medical conditions such as Arthritis, Torn Meniscus, Osteoporosis etc. 
  • Kneecap dislocation
  • Repetitive use of knee joint
  • Previous medical history
  • Falls or accidents
  • Direct blow to the knee
  • Risk factors
  • Obesity
  • Sports activities
  • Aging
  • Weak knee muscles

Symptoms

  • Difficulty in walking
  • Locking of the knee
  • Redness and swelling in knee
  • Weakness
  • Tenderness and stiffness in the knee joint
  • Popping sensation in the knee
  • Inability to bear weight
  • Any kind of knee deformity

Diagnosis

During the physical examination, the doctor may check various symptoms of knee pain. He may ask about the medical history. Imaging tests such as X-rays, Ultra sound, MRI and CT scan may be conducted to determine the extent of damage.

Treatment

Non-surgical treatment

  • Medications: The orthopedic doctor may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to relieve swelling. Cortisone injections may be recommended in case of severe pain.   
  • Physical therapy: Specific exercises may be suggested by the doctor to help the patients recover faster. They may also help to improve joint flexibility and strength.   
  • Rest: The doctor may suggest providing adequate rest to the injured knee. The activities such as running, jumping, swimming etc. that strain the knee joint should be avoided. 
  • Heat treatment and ice: Heat therapy may help to relieve pain and swelling. Ice packs may also be applied at frequent intervals to reduce discomfort. 
  • Immobilization: Wearing a brace or cast may help to provide support and immobilize the knee joint.  
  • Elevation: The leg must be kept elevated above the level of heart to improve circulation. This may promote healing.   

Surgical treatment

  • Knee replacement surgery: In this procedure, the surgeon replaces the damaged tissues in the knee with the artificial implants. According to the severity of the condition, the surgeon may perform partial or complete knee replacement surgery.
  • Arthroscopic surgery: Small incisions are made in the knee joint. The surgeon inserts a small camera or an arthroscope to remove damaged tissues from the knee joint.

For effective treatment of knee pain, visit Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in McKinney, TX, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995

Tags: ,

Comments are closed