Orthopedic Treatment For Kneecap Dislocation

by Administrator 24. April 2017 10:49

Kneecap or patella is a circular bone that covers and protects the anterior surface of the knee joint. A sudden blow may dislocate the bone from its normal position and lead to excruciating pain as well as inflammation. This condition is referred to as Kneecap Dislocation and is usually seen in sportspersons involved in contact sports.

Causes:

  • Direct blow to the knee
  • A sudden twist to the knee while running fast
  • Women are at higher risk of having a dislocated knee
  • Weak leg muscles
  • Exceptionally tall height
  • Misaligned or elevated patella
  • Prior injury to the knee that did not heal properly
  • Obesity

Symptoms:

  • Pain and swelling
  • Difficulty in moving and bending the leg
  • Affected knee is unable to bear body’s weight
  • Kneecap feels out of place and becomes hypermobile
  • Tenderness and bruising

Diagnosis:

  • The doctor may ask certain questions related to any prior injury that may have occurred at the knee. He may conduct a physical examination to check whether the patient is able to extend the leg or not. Symptoms like swelling, bruising and pain may also be checked to make sure if there is an internal damage or not.
  • The patients may also be advised to get imaging tests conducted, so that actual cause of the condition can be determined. Depending upon the severity of condition, doctor may ask for an X-ray or a MRI scan. These tests may allow him to visualize whether the injury has affected bones, tissues or ligaments.

Treatment

Conservative Treatment

  • Medication – Patients may be advised to take anti-inflammatory medicines and painkillers to alleviate the symptoms.
  • RICE- The doctor may advise the patients to follow the principle of rest, ice, compression and elevation to ensure faster healing.
  • Immobilization – Casts or braces may be recommended to keep the dislocated bone at the right position.
  • Crutches – The doctor may ask the patient to take the help of crutches until the knee recovers and is able to bear body’s weight.

Surgical Treatment-

  • Arthroscopic Surgery – A camera may be inserted into the affected area to visualize the extent of damage. After evaluating the underlying cause, the doctor may make an incision and remove the damaged cartilage. He may then place the dislocated kneecap at its normal position.
  • Prevention Tips-
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises
  • Wearing adequate footwear
  • Proper running techniques

If you are looking for an effective treatment of Kneecap Dislocation, contact Dr. Morgan.  The board certified orthopedic surgeon is well-known for providing excellent treatment for various knee and shoulder injuries. To request an appointment, you can call at (972) 727 – 9995.

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